battle of pusan perimeter casualties
US Air Force commanders, wary of enemy attack, evacuated the 45 F-51s of the US 39th Fighter Squadron and US 40th Fighter Squadron from the airstrip, against the wishes of General MacArthur.  Upon later inspection, the bodies of 75 men, 55 from the 555th Field Artillery and 20 from the 90th Field Artillery, were found executed when the area again came under American control.  North Korean commanders are known to have issued more stern orders regarding treatment of prisoners of war after these incidents, though such atrocities continued.  The 8th Division drove for Yongch'on from Uiseong, but its attack failed to reach the Taegu-P'ohang corridor after being surprised and outflanked by the ROK 8th Division.  The 25th Infantry Division suffered 650 killed, 1,866 wounded, four captured and 10 missing. , The most infamous North Korean war crime was the Hill 303 massacre on August 17, when 41 US prisoners of war were killed by KPA driving on Taegu. , On July 1, the US Far East Command directed the Eighth United States Army to assume responsibility for all logistical support of the United States and UN forces in Korea.  Isolated KPA resistance continued until September 18, but on that date UN troops were mounting a full-scale breakout offensive and pursuing retreating KPA units to the north, ending the fighting around the Pusan Perimeter. This comprised the largest Air Force operation since the Battle of Normandy in World War II.  No evidence was found that the bombing killed a single North Korean soldier. North Korean troops, hampered by supply shortages and massive losses, continually staged attacks on UN forces in an attempt to penetrate the perimeter and collapse the line.  The 2nd Infantry Division suffered 1,120 killed, 2,563 wounded, 67 captured and 69 missing. , The 1st Marine Provisional Brigade, in conjunction with Task Force Hill, mounted a massive offensive on Cloverleaf Hill and Obong-ni on August 17. The North Koreans were apparently attempting to control high ground east of Yongp'o in order to provide protection for the main crossing that was to follow. The Road to the Yalu had opened. The United Nations forces were organized under the command of the United States Army.  The attack threatened to split the American lines and disrupt supply lines to the north. With the help of United Nation forces, South Korea secured the Gimpo Airfield, won the Battle of the Busan Perimeter, retook Seoul, captured Yosu, and ultimately crossed the 38th Parallel into North Korea.  The UN ground and air commanders opposed future massive carpet bombing attacks against enemy tactical troops unless there was precise information on an enemy concentration and the situation was critical. Before the drive up the Korean Peninsula following the landings at Inchon, Americans fighting as United Nations forces had suffered severely at the Battle of the Pusan Perimeter. These tanks evidently succeeded in crossing the river during the day. US Marines disembark at Pusan on their way to the front lines. However, KPA 5th Division forces were able to infiltrate the coastal road south of Yongdok at Hunghae. Eventually the commander was forced to demolish the bridge, taking several hundred refugees with it.  Critically wounded UN troops were known to have been killed, and in at least one instance, unarmed chaplains and medics were attacked despite wearing proper identification.  Aided by air power, the Americans initially advanced quickly though North Korean resistance was heavy. 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